The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe was built in honor of close to 6 million Jewish victims of the Holocaust.
Located between the Brandenburg Gate and Potsdamer Platz in central Berlin, the Memorial consists of the Field of Stelae designed by Peter Eisenman and the subterranean Information Centre. The Field of Stelae measuring 4.7 hectares is covered with 2,711 concrete slabs (or “stelae”) arranged in a grid pattern on a sloping hill. The exhibition at the Information Center depicts the persecution and extermination of European Jewry and lists historic sites of the Nazi crimes committed during the rule of Hitler.
The winning design of the Memorial was chosen among several hundred submissions received over a period of 3 years and was formally approved by the Bundestag (the German Parliament) on June 25, 1999. Construction took almost 6 years and the Memorial was inaugurated on May 10, 2005 to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the Victory Day in the World War II.
The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe is one of the most prominent Holocaust monuments in the world and is undoubtedly one of the star sites of Berlin.